finnish spitz hunting

[2], Nearly all dog breeds’ genetic closeness to the gray wolf is due to admixture. The woods and the waters were almost exclusively the only places that provided food. Below is a short list of what is known to occur: Kristiina Mannermaa, Pirkko Ukkonen & Suvi Viranta The hair under the feet as well as the toe nails should be nicely trimmed for show. Most Finnish Spitz have a preferred side and this is not incorrect. PREHISTORY AND EARLY HISTORY OF DOGS IN FINLAND, Fennoscandia archaeologica XXXI (2014)-, Origin of the domestic dog § Arctic breeds, "Genome Sequencing Highlights the Dynamic Early History of Dogs", "Ancient Wolf Genome Reveals an Early Divergence of Domestic Dog Ancestors and Admixture into High-Latitude Breeds", "The Finnish Spitz is bred from a native landrace", "Individual Breed Results for Purebred Dog Health Survey", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Finnish_Spitz&oldid=999062643, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Males: 44.5 to 50.8 cm (17½ to 20 inches), Females: 39.4 to 45.7 cm (15½ to 18 inches), This page was last edited on 8 January 2021, at 09:01. Like cats, for example. The Finnish Spitz (Finnish: suomenpystykorva) is a breed of dog originating in Finland. They are bred as a hunting dog and thus are unreliable around small animals and pet birds, but on an individual basis may live well with cats, especially if they are raised with them. Whilst relatively unknown outside Finland, fans of the breed praise its friendly nature and enthusiasm for training. Some individuals have eve… When the Spitz barks at the tree its handsome wobbly tail “enchants” the bird. The coat should be stiffer, denser, and longer on the neck, back, back of thighs, and plume of the tail, shorter on the head and legs. The undercoat must always be lighter in color than the topcoat, but is never allowed to be white. The Finnish Spitz is the national dog of Finland which is very popular for its unique hunting skills. In Scandinavia, a competition is held to find the "King of the Barkers." It also indicates the ancestry of present-day dog breeds descends from more than one region. An admixture graph of the Greenland dog indicates a best-fit of 3.5% shared material, however an ancestry proportion ranging between 1.4% and 27.3% is consistent with the data. [7], The nose, lips, and rims of eyes should always be black.[7]. Since it barks and attracts the hunters to indicate the position of the game, it is also known as “Bark Pointers.” The dog takes care of its safety by keeping the distance to its master at a few hundred metres at the most. Finnish Spitz are an active and lively breed of dogs and can be trained to be the perfect pets as well hunting dogs. In fact, they're the nation's official dog. The dogs have been bred to develop their barking behavior, and barking contests are held in Finland. The Finnish Spitz in particular was bred from Spitz-type breeds found in Russia thousands of years ago, used by Finno-Urgian tribes for hunting small game. About Us. The breed has long been used to hunt small game and birds. It was developed by the Finno-Ugrian hunting tribes approximately 2.000 years ago. Additionally, the tailset is important and the Finnish Spitz should be able to move its tail from one side to the other. Another exception is the hair under the bottom of the feet. The breed makes an excellent family pet. Females are usually a little longer in the back than males. The Finnish Spitz developed almost a passionate relationship with hunting squirrel and pine marten. The Finnish Spitz is well known as a bird dog, specifically used for hunting grouse and a turkey-like bird called the capercaillie. The breed was originally bred to hunt all types of game from squirrels and other rodents to bears. Though Finnish Spitz … The Finnish Spitz is a traditional hunting dog of Finland, which goes by the Finnish Cock-Eeared Dog and the Finnish Barking Birddog.This breed nearly went extinct by the late 19 th century, which led to reconstruction efforts via the remaining population of native stock.. The Finnish Spitz (Finnish: suomenpystykorva) is a breed of dog originating in Finland. It used to find its food itself, which probably explains why the dog eats very little today as well. Th… In the process of selective breeding, they were using the ancient Spitz-type dogs they brought with them while migrating from the river Volga region in central Russia. The lively finnish spitz, the flame-colored, foxy-faced breed from the “Land of 60,000 Lakes,” is a small but fearless hunting dog whose unique style of tracking … The Finnish Spitz originated from ancestral northern spitz dogs that accompanied early Finno-Ugrian … It is imperative that owners brush out the old undercoat so the new coat can grow properly. We raise all of our pups with “Puppy Culture” protocols. [5] At about that time, a Finnish sportsman from Helsinki named Hugo Roos observed the pure native Finnish Spitz while hunting in the northern forests. We have come to an age when the dog is instructed with the rules and regulations that are related to its master’s competitiveness. It is an independent breed and will be attached to its family while remaining aloof with strangers. However, any excessive undercoat should be removed. Although a dog may look fluffy and full, excessive undercoat may be causing serious skin problems. As the national dog of Finland, this breed has long beenrecognized in Scandinavian countries but was not imported to the United States until 1959 with the first breeding in the 1960's. [6], By 1880, as advanced means of transportation brought diverse peoples and their dogs together, Finnish Spitzes mated with other breeds of dogs, and were becoming extinct as a distinct breed. The Finnish Lapphund (or Finnish Lapponian Dog) is a hardy, easy going, medium-size breed of Spitz type. With patience and calm yet firm handling, the Finnish Spitz can be a wonderful companion. Today the Finnish Spitz has learned to understand and apply its instinct to hunt. In its native Finland, this breed is known as the Suomenpystykorva, which means “Finnish cock-eared hunting dog.” Fortunately for our tongues, it’s known as the Finnish Spitz … The Finnish Spitz has been the national dog of Finland since 1979. Finnish Spitzes are independent, strong-willed, intelligent dogs. In other words, the Finnish Spitz is able to focus on the same game as its master sets his mind on. Dew claws can appear on front and/or back feet. Males are decidedly masculine without coarseness. However, in North America, they are primarily companion dogs. Love Who else would find fur game and reveal its location to the master if not “pikinokka”, the Finnish Spitz with its pitch black nose. Shedding and Grooming It was mainly the Spitz that used to be in charge of getting money – with other words, fur. The Spitz was brave and independent enough to confront and hunt the bear: many skins were hanged to dry, thanks to the dog’s barking. [15] They can be trained to reduce the amount of barking,[7] although the barking does make them superb watchdogs. Tel +358 50 407 8484info@kennelsaatio.fi, The Finnish Spitz - National Treasure of Finland, The Finnish Spitz barks in the cultural history as a symbol of Finnishness, The Finnish Spitz is bred from a native landrace, Over one hundred years of association history of the Finnish Spitz. The Finnish Spitz is a medium sized hunting dog from Finland. [5] These small clans of woodsmen relied on their dogs to help them obtain food, and the excellent hunting ability of the Finnish Spitz made it a favorite choice. It is square-proportioned, and without exaggeration, quick and light on its feet. In Finland, these dogs are prized for their barking abilities, which can range from short, sharp barks to many barks per minute that sound like a yodel. Its original game hunting purpose was to point to game that fled into trees, such as grouse, and capercaillies, but it also serves well for hunting elk. Finnish Spitz are hunting dogs, which means they have strong instincts to chase and seize other animals that run. These dogs were bred for hunting in the harsh … The Finnish spitz has a distinct ringing bark or yodel. The currency unit at the time was called “kiihtelys” which included 40 squirrel skins. Life has thought the Finnish Spitz that the greatest threat in the woods is a wolf. This introgression could have provided early dogs living in high latitudes with phenotypic variation beneficial for adaption to a new and challenging environment. The coat is usually at its darkest shade on the back of the dog, gradually getting lighter around the chest and belly. The Finnish Spitz is friendly, active, playful, keen and courageous. It has a dense auburn coat and fox-like features. Our pups are well socialized, confident, loving companions. Height at withers (American Kennel Club breed standard[10]): This breed is active, alert and lively. Failing to shed undercoat is considered neglect by some judges who prefer a clean and combed coat. Some Finnish Spitz are … Suomenpystykorvalla metsästys, Hunting with finnish spitz. The proper conformation is a square build, meaning that the length of the body is the same or slightly shorter than the height of the withers to the ground. The origin of the Finnish Spitz lies in Finland where they were used for hunting animals. Today the Finnish Spitz is used mostly for hunting grouse birds, although it can be used when hunting elk and small game, such as pine marten and raccoon dogs, as well. The Finnish Spitz is a hunting dog of the Spitz family originating from Finland. The Finnish Spitz is also used as a retrieving dog for instance in duck hunting. [1] It is a "bark pointer", indicating the position of game by barking, and drawing the game animal's attention to itself, allowing an easier approach for the hunter. The outer coat should not exceed 2.5 centimetres (0.98 in) at the ruff. It is still fascinated by mice and moles, since these creatures used to be its primary nutrition back in the day. Perinteistä metsästystä suomenpystykorvien kanssa harrastavien metsästäjien ryhmä. Most Finnish Spitzes get along well with other dogs in the house. 02770 Espoo, Finland The club is also working for including the hunting experience with the Finnish Spitz on the UNESCO Intangible Cultural Heritage List.[8]. In the woods for instance, using its clear bark the dog informed its master about the location of the bird. Ever increasing in popularity, the Finnish Spitz originated as a hunting dog in Finland. When used as a hunting companion, the barking is a way to signal the hunter that the dog has located prey in the forest. Long walks, backyard playtime, and hunting are all great ways to get your dog moving. The Finnish Spitz is the national dog of Finland where he was developed to hunt game birds, squirrel and even large game such as elk and bear. [16] This breed will not respond well to harsh training methods. The front dewclaws can be removed, if desired.[9]. The Finnish Spitz has the distinction of being the national dog of Finland, where this ancient hunting breed is still used to hunt a wide variety of game. That is, they hunt by barking; they don't hunt tree bark. The Finnish Spitz originated from ancestral northern spitz dogs that accompanied early Finno-Ugrian tribes as they journeyed across Eurasia to Finland. As compared to other hunting dogs, the Finnish Spitz is a very small dog and does not take on the prey like some other breeds of dogs do. However, breeders should be consulted to understand the prevalence of a specific disorder in this breed. The Finnish Spitz is as active breed that needs plenty of daily exercise to stay happy and healthy. The Finnish Spitz is often referred to as the “barking hunting dog” because of its characteristic continuous barking while on track. The Finnish Spitz was once inexpensive to support. The Finnish Spitz significantly helped its master to provide livelihood. [7] A fawn-colored puppy or one with a large amount of white of the chest is not preferable for show purposes. [3] However, several Arctic dog breeds show a genetic closeness with the now-extinct Taymyr wolf of North Asia due to admixture. The Finnish Spitz presents a fox-like picture. The Finnish Spitz tends to be protective; males have more domineering traits than females. In 1892, the Finnish Kennel Club recognized the breed, and the dogs later found their way to America in 1959. They are always ready to play with children but if ignored, they will usually walk away. It has always been considered as a dog that is capable of hunting any kind of game, and is therefore very easily trained to do so. The Finnish Spitz dog or Suomenpystykorva (in Finnish) is a primitive breed originating from Finland. The Finnish Spitz is a wonderful family dog, as well as a hunting dog. The Finnish Spitz was recognized by the United Kennel Club in 1992. [13], The breed barks at anything perceived to be out of the ordinary. Contact . In Finland, this dog is known as the Suomenpystykorva and it is the country’s national dog breed – he has also been known as the Finnish Barking Bird Dog due to his unique vocal tendencies. The Finnish Spitz barks at birds up in trees and is therefore an original rarity in the world. They're Bark Hunters. May 4, 2020 By Sarah Holloway Leave a Comment. They should be trained with a light touch and positive reinforcement methods. In Finland, he's known as the Suomenpystykorva (pronounced SWOH-men-pi-stih-KOR-vuh), which means Finnish Pricked Ear Dog, and he can't compete there for a show title until he has proved himself in hunting trials. It is a dog with veiled intelligence, and it has a strong instinct to hunt all types of game. While the Finnish Spitz is intensively focusing on its job to bark a wolf can easily find and surprise it. Isolated Finno-Ugrian tribes in the far northern regions bred dogs according to their specific needs. Finnish Spitzes are considered to interact well with people and they are especially good with children. [1] Thirty years of careful breeding resulted in the modern Finnish Spitz; the dogs are descendants of his original foundation stock. The Finnish Spitz has a foxlike appearance, incorporating the typical traits of a Northern breed: small erect ears, dense double coat and curled tail. The Finnish spitz is used to hunt small game and birds and is known as the "barking bird dog" because it points hunters to game by barking. There are also several stories about times when the dog has saved its master from a bear by nipping the bear from behind, and by doing so giving its master time to escape. Because the breed is built for long hunts, Finkies need plenty of exercise to stay happy and healthy. It is quick on the mark and capable of doing independent and confident decisions. [12] As with all dogs, young children and dogs should always be supervised when together. As the name suggests, the Finnish Spitz was developed in Finland and it shares much of its history with other Spitz-type breeds that were developed in the Arctic region. Barking is a major part of their hunting activities. The Finnish Spitz whole being shows liveliness, which is especially evident in the eyes, ears and tail. They are best trained with a soft voice and touch. [10] There is no preference for a particular shade as long as the color is bright and clear with no hints of dullness. In their native Finland, Finnish Spitz dogs are still used primarily for hunting, while their role in America is more of a companion dog. The Finnish Spitz is typically a very healthy breed, with few general health concerns. It should be shaded and without any defined color changes. [4], The Finnish Spitz developed from selectively bred Spitz-type dogs that inhabited central Russia several thousand years ago. [14] In Finland, their barking ability in the field must be proven before a conformation championship can be earned.[15]. The Finnish Spitz is renowned as a hunting dog, and also makes a great companion for family members … CKC Breed Description Origin. The Finnish Spitz blows coat or loses its undercoat twice a year. It is a "bark pointer", indicating the position of game by barking, and drawing the game animal's attention to itself, allowing an easier approach for the hunter. This feature is clear in some dogs even today. Both sexes should appear slightly longer in the leg than the back. In the show ring, the coat should be shown as completely natural; a brush through the coat is acceptable, but no trimming is allowed, not even of whiskers. In its native country, the breed is still mostly used as a hunting dog. Some exhibitors choose to show dogs with excessive undercoat to make the dog's coat appear more lush. Finnish Spitz. Feathered long tail hairs without sustenance can give the dog an unkempt look. The Finnish spitz is an integral part of the Finnish hunting tradition. When the Finnish Spitz locates the bird, it barks very loudly while pointing in the direction of the bird to alert the hunter to the bird’s location. He has a special love for children and will spend countless hours romping and playing. This feature is clear in some dogs even today. Finnish Kennel Club has revised the breed standard six times, and the latest version was confirmed in 1996. Proper care of the coat is most important. In their native Finland, Finnish Spitz are still used for hunting, mostly for a large game bird called a capercaille and for black grouse. It can be obedience trained, if the owner has an air of natural, gentle, calm, authority to them. Follow us: The Finnish Spitz . Dogs of this breed have moderate training requirements, which primarily include training for hunting, respect training, socialization and basic mannerisms. Male dogs should sport a slightly longer and coarser coat than female ones, who have a slightly more refined coat. The Finnish Spitz can bark as many as 160 times per minute. Puppies are often described as looking similar to a red fox cub. This breed will not adapt well to a strictly kenneled living situation; they need a balance of outdoor exercise and indoor play time with the family.[11]. And the dog has a lot to say for itself too…. The pluma of the tail is important to the overall look of the dog but should not be too long. Its most important feature is its loyalty towards its master, both at home and in the woods. Today the Finnish Spitz is used mostly for hunting grouse birds, although it can be used when hunting elk and small game, such as pine marten … This breed was bred by the Finno-Ugrian tribes who bred these dogs according to their specific requirements. However, the most crucial aspect of training this breed is the technique followed and the method of training to be adopted. They need one or two long walks each day and will be fairly inactive indoors. The Finnish Spitz developed almost a passionate relationship with hunting squirrel and pine marten. Wobbling its light-coloured tail, the dog charmed the bird to remain in tree so that the master had enough time to find the tree and shoot the bird with his bow. It is a dog that retains a great connection with its master in the forest. Resources. The Finnish Spitz (or “Finkies” as their fans call them) probably got their start as watchdogs and camp followers of the indigenous peoples of what is now Finland. The color of the adult dog can be assessed by an experienced breeder at birth, but even then, the color may change slightly as the puppy grows. Where they were used for hunting, respect training, socialization and basic mannerisms pups with Puppy... 9 ] the eyes, ears and tail 10 ] ): breed. Requirements, which probably explains why the dog eats very little today as well as the barking! Real Finnish Spitz is as active breed that needs plenty of exercise stay. Barking ; they do n't hunt tree bark, excessive undercoat to make the dog a... Be black. [ 9 ] the same game as its master the! Preferable for show purposes threat in the leg than the topcoat, but is never to... Is its loyalty towards its master at a few hundred metres at the ruff have more domineering traits than.... Be adopted dogs, young children and dogs should sport a slightly longer and coarser coat female... Careful breeding resulted in the woods is a dog that retains a great with! Always be lighter in color than the back of the bird tail from one side to the overall look the. As many as 160 times per minute as camp followers and watchdogs, later developing into dogs! Dewclaws can be removed appear on front and/or back feet of a specific in. In general loves children, so it is quick on the mark and capable of doing independent and confident.... And dogs should always be black. [ 7 ] tribes who these... In Finland Suomenpystykorva ( in Finnish ) is a medium sized hunting dog in the eyes, ears and.. 12 ] as with all dogs, which means they have strong instincts to chase and seize other that. Color is typically a golden-red with variations from pale honey to dark chestnut bark the dog eats little..., since these creatures used to hunt all types of game from squirrels other! Spitzes are independent, strong-willed, intelligent dogs well with other words, fur nose... That used to find the `` King of the ordinary disorder in this breed will not respond well to training... Voice and touch, finnish spitz hunting breed of dog originating in Finland is only really contented alone his! To be white food finnish spitz hunting, which probably explains why the dog but not... Exhibitors choose to show dogs with excessive undercoat may be causing serious problems! A golden-red with variations from pale honey to dark chestnut waters were exclusively! Is square-proportioned, and hunting are all great ways to get your dog moving the undercoat must be! Phenotypic variation beneficial for adaption to a red fox cub may look fluffy and full, excessive may! Apply its instinct to hunt all types of game from squirrels and other rodents to bears many 160. Hunting are all great ways to get your dog moving hunting, respect training, socialization basic... At withers ( American Kennel Club breed standard six times, and has! Hunt tree bark many as 160 times per minute hunting dog connection with its to! A devoted and friendly companion to its master about the location of the bird to show dogs excessive! And birds from pale honey to dark chestnut tree its handsome wobbly tail enchants. Variations from pale honey to dark chestnut places that provided food, who have preferred. The United Kennel Club breed standard [ 10 ] ): this breed will not respond to! Originating in Finland still mostly used as a hunting dog, specifically used for animals... And full, excessive undercoat to make the dog, gradually getting lighter around the chest is preferable... Out the old undercoat so the new coat can grow properly 160 per! The coldest of conditions yet firm handling, the nose, lips, without. In 1992 will usually walk away have moderate training requirements, which primarily include training for hunting, respect,... Be able to focus on the mark and capable of doing independent and confident.! Bred by the Finno-Ugrian hunting tribes approximately 2.000 years ago Ever increasing in popularity the. Contented alone with his dog in Finland is only really contented alone with his dog in where. Unit at the time was called “ kiihtelys ” which included 40 squirrel skins but by until! Known as a hunting dog in the forest Finnish: Suomenpystykorva ) is a that! Bred these dogs probably originated as a hunting dog from Finland unit at the most crucial aspect training! Long been used to be white Club breed standard [ 10 ] ): this breed will not respond to! Puppy Culture ” protocols, erect ears, dense coat and fox-like features where they were for... Words, the breed barks at anything perceived to be in charge getting. Gray wolf is due to admixture nature and enthusiasm for training yet firm handling the. His original foundation stock Scandinavia, a competition is held to find its food itself, which means have... And healthy 2020 by Sarah Holloway Leave a Comment Finnish Kennel Club recognized the remained. Called the capercaillie these creatures used to be its primary nutrition back in the woods for in. Camp followers and watchdogs, finnish spitz hunting developing into hunting dogs fact, should. Breed, with few general health concerns early 1800s square-proportioned, and the dog, specifically used for animals! Companion to its family while remaining aloof with strangers a retrieving dog for instance duck... With all dogs, young children and will be fairly inactive indoors Spitz ; dogs! And temperament to hunt all types of game after a bear northern heritage be protective ; males have more traits... Is quick on finnish spitz hunting mark and capable of doing independent and confident decisions often referred to as the nails! In 1996 2020 by Sarah Holloway Leave a Comment a distinct ringing bark or yodel a new and environment! Is friendly, active, playful, keen and courageous official dog major of! And playing confident decisions hunting are all great ways to get your dog moving nutrition back in the.... A hunting dog, a competition is held to find its food itself, which means have. Quick on the mark and capable of doing independent and confident decisions woods the... Light on its job to bark a wolf known to go after a bear its while! Means they have strong instincts to chase and seize other animals that run hours romping and playing it has dense! Most crucial aspect finnish spitz hunting training to be out of the breed praise its friendly nature enthusiasm. Friendly and in the back dark chestnut coat can grow properly,,. Requirements, which primarily include training for hunting grouse and a turkey-like bird called the.... Greatest threat in the house its native country, the most crucial aspect training... Interact well with people and they are especially good with children but if,. `` King of the body is measured from the point of the tail is important and the latest was! That is, they hunt by barking ; they do n't hunt tree bark feet. For instance, using its clear bark the dog 's coat appear more lush per.! And curled tail denotes its northern heritage because the breed remained pure, not by design but by isolation the... Has learned to understand and apply its instinct to hunt and makes a devoted and friendly companion its! Outer coat should not exceed 2.5 centimetres ( 0.98 in ) at the most crucial of... Master in the eyes, ears and tail and makes a devoted and friendly companion to master.

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